Saturday, 18 August 2018

Congenital heart disease


Congenital coronary heart disorder is a standard time period for various start defects that affect the everyday way the coronary heart works.

The time period "congenital" way the condition is present from delivery.

Congenital coronary heart disorder is one of the most common kinds of birth defect, affecting up to 8 in every 1,000 toddlers born within the uk.
Congenital heart disease is a general term for a range of birth defects that affect the normal way the heart works.

The term "congenital" means the condition is present from birth.

Congenital heart disease is one of the most common types of birth defect, affecting up to 8 in every 1,000 babies born in the UK.

Why it happens
In most cases, no obvious cause of congenital heart disease is identified. However, some things are known to increase the risk of the condition, including:

Down's syndrome – a genetic disorder that affects a baby's normal physical development and causes learning difficulties
the mother having certain infections, such as rubella, during pregnancy
the mother taking certain types of medicine during pregnancy, including statins and some acne medicines
the mother smoking or drinking alcohol during pregnancy
the mother having poorly controlled type 1 diabetes or type 2 diabetes
other chromosome defects, where genes may be altered from normal and can be inherited (run in the family)
Read more about the causes of congenital heart disease and preventing congenital heart disease.

Many cases of congenital heart disease are diagnosed before a baby is born during an ultrasound scan in pregnancy. However, it's not always possible to detect congenital heart defects in this way.

Signs and symptoms
Congenital heart disease can have a number of symptoms, particularly in babies and children, including:

rapid heartbeat
rapid breathing
swelling of the legs, tummy or around the eyes
extreme tiredness and fatigue
a blue tinge to the skin (cyanosis)
tiredness and rapid breathing when a baby is feeding
These problems are sometimes noticeable soon after birth, although mild defects may not cause any problems until later in life.

Read more about the symptoms of congenital heart disease and diagnosing congenital heart disease.

Types of congenital heart disease
There are many types of congenital heart disease and they sometimes occur in combination. Some of the more common defects include:

septal defects – where there's a hole between two of the heart's chambers (commonly referred to as a "hole in the heart")
coarctation of the aorta – where the main large artery of the body, called the aorta, is narrower than normal
pulmonary valve stenosis – where the pulmonary valve, which controls the flow of blood out of the lower right chamber of the heart to the lungs, is narrower than normal
transposition of the great arteries – where the pulmonary and aortic valves and the arteries they're connected to have swapped positions
underdeveloped heart – part of the heart doesn’t develop properly making it difficult for it to pump enough blood around the body or lungs
Read more about the types of congenital heart disease.

Treating congenital heart disease
Treatment for congenital heart disease usually depends on the defect you or your child has.

Mild defects, such as holes in the heart, often don't need to be treated, as they may improve on their own and may not cause any further problems.

Surgery or interventional procedures are usually required if the defect is significant and causing problems. Modern surgical techniques can often restore most or all of the heart's normal function.

However, people with congenital heart disease often need treatment throughout their life and therefore require specialist review during childhood and adulthood. This is because people with complex heart problems can develop further problems with their heart rhythm or valves over time.

Most surgery and interventional procedures aren't considered to be a cure. The affected person's ability to exercise may be limited and they may need to take extra steps to protect themselves from getting infections.

It's important that a person with heart disease and their parents or carers discuss these issues with their specialist medical team.

Read more about treating congenital heart disease and the complications of congenital heart disease.

Information about your child
If your child has congenital heart disease, your clinical team will pass information about them on to the National Congenital Anomaly and Rare Diseases Registration Service (NCARDRS).

This helps scientists look for better ways to prevent and treat this condition. You can opt out of the register at any time.

Find out more about the register.

The heart
The heart is divided into 4 main sections called chambers. These are known as the:

left atrium (collects blood returning from the lungs)
left ventricle (the main pumping chamber for the body)
right atrium (collects blood returning from the body's veins)
right ventricle (pumps bloods to the lungs)Conjunctivitis is an eye condition caused by infection or allergies. It usually gets better in a couple of weeks without treatment.

Check if you have conjunctivitis
Conjunctivitis is also known as red or pink eye.

It usually affects both eyes and makes them:

bloodshot
burn or feel gritty
produce pus that sticks to lashes
itch
water
A sticky eye producing pus
Conjunctivitis that produces sticky pus is contagious
A red and gritty eye caused by conjunctivitis
If eyes are red and feel gritty, the conjunctivitis is also usually contagious
A red and watery eye caused by conjunctivitis
Conjunctivitis caused by allergies like hay fever makes eyes red and watery but isn't contagious
If you're not sure it's conjunctivitis
Other conditions can cause red eyes.

How to treat conjunctivitis yourself
There are things you can do to help ease your symptoms.

Use clean cotton wool (one piece for each eye). Boil water and then let it cool down before you:

gently rub your eye lashes to clean off crusts
hold a cold flannel on your eyes for a few minutes to cool them down
Stop infectious conjunctivitis from spreading
Do
wash hands regularly with warm soapy water
wash pillows and face cloths in hot water and detergent
Don't
wear contact lenses until your eyes are better
share towels and pillows
rub your eyes
Staying away from work or school
You don't need to avoid work or school unless you or your child are feeling very unwell.

A pharmacist can help with conjunctivitis
Speak to a pharmacist about conjunctivitis. They can give you advice and suggest eye drops or antihistamines to help with your symptoms.

Find a pharmacy

See a GP if:
your baby has red eyes – get an urgent appointment if your baby is less than 28 days old
you wear contact lenses and have conjunctivitis symptoms as well as spots on your eyelids – you might be allergic to the lenses
your symptoms haven't cleared up after 2 weeks
See a GP urgently or go to A&E if you have:
pain in your eyes
sensitivity to light (photophobia)
changes in your vision, like wavy lines or flashing
intense redness in one eye or both eyes
These can be signs of a more serious eye problem.

Treatment from a GP
Treatment will depend on the cause of your conjunctivitis.

If it's a bacterial infection you might be prescribed antibiotics. But these won't work if it's caused by a virus (viral conjunctivitis) or an allergy.

Some sexually transmitted infections (STIs) can cause conjunctivitis. This type takes longer to clear up.
There are also 4 valves controlling how the blood flows through the heart and around the body. These are known as the:

mitral valve (separating the left atrium from the left ventricle)
aortic valve (separating the left ventricle from the main artery, the aorta)
tricuspid valve (separating the right atrium from the right ventricle)
pulmonary valve (separating the right ventricle from the pulmonary artery to the lung)
Congenital heart disease can occur if any of these chambers or valves doesn't develop properly while a baby is in the womb.
Why it occurs
In most cases, no obvious motive of congenital coronary heart ailment is identified. but, some matters are recognized to increase the risk of the condition, together with:

Down's syndrome – a genetic disease that influences a infant's normal physical improvement and reasons learning difficulties
the mom having positive infections, such as rubella, throughout being pregnant
the mom taking certain forms of medicinal drug at some point of pregnancy, including statins and some zits drugs
the mother smoking or ingesting alcohol at some stage in pregnancy
the mom having poorly controlled type 1 diabetes or kind 2 diabetes
other chromosome defects, in which genes may be altered from normal and can be inherited (run inside the circle of relatives)
study more about the causes of congenital heart disease and stopping congenital heart disorder.

Many instances of congenital heart disease are diagnosed earlier than a infant is born all through an ultrasound experiment in being pregnant. but, it's not always possible to locate congenital heart defects in this manner.

signs and signs and symptoms
Congenital coronary heart disease can have some of symptoms, especially in toddlers and children, along with:

speedy heartbeat
fast respiratory
swelling of the legs, tummy or around the eyes
severe tiredness and fatigue
a blue tinge to the skin (cyanosis)
tiredness and fast respiratory when a baby is feeding
those problems are sometimes substantial quickly after delivery, even though moderate defects might not cause any issues until later in existence.

study more about the symptoms of congenital coronary heart ailment and diagnosing congenital heart sickness.

styles of congenital heart ailment
there are many sorts of congenital coronary heart disease and that they from time to time arise in aggregate. some of the extra commonplace defects encompass:

septal defects – wherein there is a hollow between two of the coronary heart's chambers (normally referred to as a "hole in the heart")
coarctation of the aorta – in which the main huge artery of the frame, referred to as the aorta, is narrower than regular
pulmonary valve stenosis – wherein the pulmonary valve, which controls the flow of blood out of the decrease right chamber of the heart to the lungs, is narrower than normal
transposition of the remarkable arteries – wherein the pulmonary and aortic valves and the arteries they're connected to have swapped positions
underdeveloped coronary heart – a part of the heart doesn’t increase properly making it difficult for it to pump enough blood around the body or lungs
read greater approximately the forms of congenital heart ailment.

Treating congenital heart disorder
remedy for congenital heart sickness commonly depends at the illness you or your baby has.

moderate defects, such as holes in the heart, often don't need to be dealt with, as they will improve on their very own and might not reason any further issues.

surgical operation or interventional tactics are typically required if the disorder is enormous and inflicting issues. cutting-edge surgical techniques can often repair maximum or all of the heart's normal feature.

but, people with congenital coronary heart ailment frequently want remedy in the course of their existence and consequently require expert review in the course of early life and adulthood. that is because people with complicated coronary heart problems can increase further problems with their coronary heart rhythm or valves through the years.

maximum surgery and interventional tactics aren't considered to be a cure. The affected individual's capability to exercising may be restricted and they'll want to take greater steps to protect themselves from getting infections.

it's essential that someone with heart sickness and their dad and mom or carers talk those troubles with their specialist medical group.

study greater approximately treating congenital heart disorder and the complications of congenital heart ailment.

statistics about your child
in case your toddler has congenital coronary heart disease, your clinical team will bypass facts about them directly to the national Congenital Anomaly and uncommon illnesses Registration provider (NCARDRS).

This helps scientists look for better ways to prevent and deal with this circumstance. you may decide out of the check in at any time.

discover extra approximately the check in.

The coronary heart
The coronary heart is split into four predominant sections known as chambers. these are known as the:

left atrium (collects blood returning from the lungs)
left ventricle (the primary pumping chamber for the frame)
right atrium (collects blood coming back from the frame's veins)
right ventricle (pumps bloods to the lungs)Conjunctivitis is an eye fixed circumstance because of contamination or allergic reactions. It commonly gets higher in a couple of weeks without remedy.

take a look at if you have conjunctivitis
Conjunctivitis is likewise referred to as purple or red eye.

It normally influences each eyes and makes them:

bloodshot
burn or experience gritty
produce pus that sticks to lashes
itch
water
A sticky eye generating pus
Conjunctivitis that produces sticky pus is contagious
A crimson and gritty eye caused by conjunctivitis
If eyes are red and experience gritty, the conjunctivitis is also generally contagious
A pink and watery eye resulting from conjunctivitis
Conjunctivitis as a result of allergic reactions like hay fever makes eyes red and watery however isn't always contagious
in case you're not certain it is conjunctivitis
different conditions can cause crimson eyes.

a way to deal with conjunctivitis your self
There are things you may do to help ease your symptoms.

Use smooth cotton wool (one piece for every eye). Boil water and then permit it settle down earlier than you:

lightly rub your eye lashes to smooth off crusts
keep a chilly flannel in your eyes for a few minutes to chill them down
prevent infectious conjunctivitis from spreading
Do
wash palms frequently with heat soapy water
wash pillows and face cloths in hot water and detergent
do not
wear touch lenses till your eyes are better
percentage towels and pillows
rub your eyes
Staying far from work or school
You do not want to avoid paintings or faculty until you or your child are feeling very sick.

A pharmacist can assist with conjunctivitis
speak to a pharmacist approximately conjunctivitis. they are able to provide you with recommendation and endorse eye drops or antihistamines to assist along with your signs and symptoms.

discover a pharmacy

See a GP if:
your baby has purple eyes – get an pressing appointment if your baby is less than 28 days antique
you put on touch lenses and have conjunctivitis symptoms in addition to spots on your eyelids – you might be allergic to the lenses
your signs have not cleared up after 2 weeks
See a GP urgently or go to A&E when you have:
pain to your eyes
sensitivity to light (photophobia)
modifications to your vision, like wavy traces or flashing
intense redness in a single eye or each eyes
these may be signs of a more severe eye problem.

treatment from a GP
remedy will depend on the motive of your conjunctivitis.

If it is a bacterial contamination you might be prescribed antibiotics. but these may not paintings if it is caused by a virus (viral conjunctivitis) or an hypersensitivity.

a few sexually transmitted infections (STIs) can purpose conjunctivitis. This type takes longer to solve.
There are also four valves controlling how the blood flows through the heart and around the frame. those are known as the:

mitral valve (separating the left atrium from the left ventricle)
aortic valve (separating the left ventricle from the primary artery, the aorta)
tricuspid valve (keeping apart the proper atrium from the proper ventricle)
pulmonary valve (isolating the right ventricle from the pulmonary artery to the lung)
Congenital coronary heart disorder can arise if any of these chambers or valves does not increase well even as a baby is inside the womb.

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